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Tracheophyta: Ferns

Tracheophyta – Ferns

Tracheophyta are a group of plants commonly known as Ferns. They are vascular plants which means they possess both xylem and phloem. Ferns reproduce by means of spores, and hence do not have any flowers or seeds.

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Water requirements for Tracheophta, Fern Plants:

Ferns want to be consistently moist. Watering once a week will suffice in winter and throughout summer, water twice a week. It is important not to over water, so always feel the soil with your finger – an evenly moist soil without being waterlogged is ideal.

Ideal Light Conditions for Tracheophyta, Fern Plants:

The fronds of your ferns will yellow or break off in direct sunlight. They need regular bright light but will tolerate periods of moderate light. Natural light is preferred to a growing lamp or artificial lights.

Benefits of Tracheophyta, Fern Plants:

Talk about Fronds with Benefits!

The Fern offers great air purifying properties and improves moisture in the air. It is for this reason that these plants are phenomenal in improving the air quality for those who suffer from irritable and itchy skin, nose and throat conditions.

General Care for Tracheophyta, Fern Plants:

Ferns come in a vast range of varieties – some are easier to care for than others. Maidenhair Ferns are more for the garden Guru, whereas the Boston Fern, Staghorn Fern and Birds Nest Ferns are more suited to those with less experience looking after living things!

Your chosen Ferns will want indirect bright light and to be consistently moist. Spraying or misting them helps provide a humid environment, especially in warmer months. Only water when the soil is dry to the touch, but never let soil completely dry out. (When it starts to crack, crumble, and separate itself from the walls of the pot, soil is too dry). Reading further along however, you will note that not all Ferns behave and grow in the same way, and some may prefer differing conditions to thrive.

If you fear you have over-watered your fern, check the consistency of the soil- it should drain well and retain moisture. Amend soil if needed- Ferns adore organic matter! Moving to a shadier spot in your home for a week or so will allow it to recover too.

Types of Tracheophyta Ferns:

Have a look at our diverse range below:

Outdoor ferns

Microlepia Strigosa

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gautengThe commonly named Lace Fern  is indigenous to the Hawaiian Islands.

This fern enjoys staying moist and is a hardy fern in the winter time. It prefers filtered light and shade, so use as a border plant in shady spots.

Rhumohra adiantiformus

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Native to South Africa, this is commonly known as the Seven Weeks Fern. It too enjoys filtered shady light and likes to be kept in moist soil.

Prone to spider mite, beware of under or over watering. The Seven Weeks fern is commonly used in floral arrangements, and outdoors, is semi resistant to drought. It will tolerate mild frost.

Pityrogramma calomelanos

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gautengOriginating from South Africa, these ferns will do well to be planted into a freshly watered hole.

The Goldback Fern displays a charming yellow from it’s leaves undersides and will add a burst of yellow to shady areas.

Keep moist, and plant in areas with dappled shade.

Stenochlaena tenuifolia

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As with all outdoor ferns, keep the African Climbing Fern moist, planted in shady cool areas.

It’s uniqueness lies within it’s new shoots which have a red-pink colour. This fern will happily climb and cover trees, creating a lush aesthetic.

Indoor ferns

Pteris cretica

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gautengThe Ribbon Fern is a perennial plant which will happily trail along shelves indoors. It’s variegation makes it a unique specimen.

Native to Asia and Europe, this plant will also do well on sheltered patios. It enjoys staying moist and keeping cool. It forms clumps and is a slow growing variety.

Adiantum raddianum

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Known commonly as the Maidenhair Fern, this delicate-leafed beauty is made up of traingular fan-shaped fronds.

A fast grower, mature fronds can reach 45cm in length. They will be content in pots that are kept moist and will benefit from misting to emulate a humid environment, similar to the hot origins of the West Indies.

Protasparagus plumosus

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A perennial scrambler that belongs to the family Asparagaceae, this is a herb, not a true fern. Native to Southern Africa, the Asparagus Ferns fronds may reach a meter in height.

It’s roots are very strong and will break through a pot, so be on top of your potting game! Keep this plant moist, never allowing it to dry out.

Microsorum diversifolium crested

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The Kangaroo Fern is a simple to care for fern which needs watering only once a week. Fertilise only when well watered.

A window with bright light is the optimal place for this fern, which likes a little more light.

Re-pot when root bound to encourage continuous growth.

Asplenium Osaka

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The Japanese Birds Nest Fern heralds from tropical East Africa and Asia, and part of Australasia.

Epiphytic or terrestrial in nature, it can subsist by growing on organic matter, often choosing palm trees or bromeliads as its home of choice. grown indoors, keep this slow grower moist, and do not wipe dust from young fronds as they will be damaged.

Phlebodium Aureum:

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gauteng

This tender, evergreen fern is commonly known as a Blue Star Fern. From it’s roots in tropical central America, it is commonly grown as an epiphytic plant, needing no substrate or soil. It’s modified hairy stems extend silvery-blue to silvery-green leaves which differ from many bright green fern varieties.

This fern’s care details differ to many ferns as it is virtually hassle free and a strong plant. Click |HERE| for detailed care instructions from Gardensillustrated.com.

Cyathea australis

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gauteng

The Australian Tree Fern forms a single strong trunk with age, developing a canopy of hairy fronds. It grows quickly!

It will do well in cool shade, but can also tolerate harsh sun, and so is an option for outdoor planting too. Keep it moist and well fed with nitrogen rich fertilisers, to promote strong green growth.

Nephrolepsis exaltata

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gautengKnown as the Sword or Boston Fern, this indoor fern originates from central America and Africa. Offer it bright, indirect light, a high degree of humidity, and keep away from drafts.

It is best enjoyed in a hanging planter where its fronds can happily grow in excess of 60cm in length. Keep the plant moist.

Pilea glaucophylla

ferns lifestyle home garden fern indoor plant nursery shop johannesburg gauteng

Native to Colombia, the Silver Sprinkles plant thrives in terrarium-like conditions with moist soil and a high humidity level.

When thriving, it will grow up to 50cm in height, in a bushy growth habit. It is commonly grown in green walls due to it’s dense ball shape. Re-pot often, and fertilise less often – only during it’s growing months.

We also understand that shopping for indoor plants can be daunting when you are not sure exactly how or what to do, so we have put together a Shopping for Indoor Plants Guide to help you Discover Your Wild with indoor plants.

Click |HERE| for your downloadable version of our Shopping for Indoor Plants Guide

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