Growing and Caring for Your Roses
Queen of flowers and symbol of love, the rose is probably the most popular and versatile shrub in the world, as such we at Lifestyle Home Garden have put together a basic care guide for these garden favourites! Roses are robust and easy to grow and with a little extra care the rewards are boundless…
Best Position to Plant Roses:
Plant in a sunny position (at least 6 hours full sun) in well-drained, composted soil with a neutral pH. The best time to plant or transplant rose bushes is May and June. The best time to plant a rose bush is TODAY!
Unless it rains sufficiently, the following watering programme should be followed. Remember to adhere to water restrictions at all times. Keep foliage dry and try to water early in the morning.
Late spring and summer watering: Water deeply 3 times per week (15 litres per week)
Early spring and autumn watering: Water twice per week (10 litres per week)
Winter watering: Water once a week (5 litres per week)
Feeding Your Roses:
Feed with a balanced rose fertilizer according to the recommended dosage as follows:
January – March: Fertilise once a month.
April – May: Fertilise once a month in warm areas only.
June: Fertlise only in subtropical areas
July: Feed after pruning. Spread a layer of compost onto beds.
September – December: Fertilise once a month.
IMPORTANT: Always water well after fertilizing to prevent burning the plant.
Rose bushes must be pruned towards the end of July to stimulate new growth and prolific flowering. Click |HERE| for a step by step guide to pruning your roses. In colder areas wait until August to prune. A light pruning can be carried out in January to encourage another flush of flowers.
Keep deadheading your rose bushes throughout the year to encourage flowering.
Roses are shallow rooted and need a thick layer of mulch spread around the bushes in August to protect them from summer heat, suppress weeds and minimize evaporation. Take care to keep the stems of the roses free from mulch. Renew regularly.
Non-invasive ground covers with the same watering requirements can also be planted as living mulch. Try Erigeron, Alyssum or Forget-me-Nots. Catnip, Thyme, Pennyroyal and Nasturtiums will also help to deter insect pests.
Insects and fungi can be a problem at certain times of the year but it can be controlled by following a preventative programme:
January – April: Spray fortnightly against black spot, chafer and other beetles and bollworm with either a ‘cocktail’ of fungicide and insecticide or a product that contains both. Check for red spider mite.
May and June: Spray fortnightly with a fungicide against black spot, if needed. This is mostly relevant to winter rainfall areas.
July and August: Spray bare stems after pruning with fungicide and insecticide to kill insect eggs and fungus spores.
September – December: Spray fortnightly against black spot, powdery mildew, chafer and other beetles and bollworm with either a ‘cocktail’ of fungicide and insecticide or a product that contains both. Check for red spider.
Be kind: Consider other beneficial insects and birds and use an organic product for the preventative programme. Only use the chemical alternative in case of a serious infestation.
Hybrid Tea Roses: The most commonly grown rose. Large well-shaped blooms on strong stems. Bushes branch from the base. (90cm -2.3m tall) Example: Black Madonna
Floribunda Roses: Continuous free flowering clusters of blooms. New cultivars have more shapely buds and blooms. Example: Iceberg Rose
Miniature Roses: A better shape of buds and an abundance of blooms in a wide range of colours. (20cm – 80cm tall) Very suitable for container growing and as edging plants. Example: Gee Gee
Climbing / Rambling Roses: Produce long, climbing shoots that need to be supported against a wall, trellis or pergola. Flowers repeatedly. Example: Gold Bunny
Antico Moderno™ Roses: Modern roses with old fashioned flower shapes.. Very similar to hybrid teas in growth and habit, but petals are firm and extremely long lasting on the bush and in arrangements. Example: Elisabeth Rose
Fairy Tale™ Roses: These varieties have a dense, shrubby growth habit. They flower freely and continuously with blooms of an interesting shape in a range of colours. Again, a modern hybrid reminiscent of old fashioned roses.